This page and its sub pages outline the Parish Council Flood Management Plan and asscoiated historical information.
Emergency Plan, Flood Warden, Flooding
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Flooding and its effects on the Parish

This page provides information about the risk of Flooding in the Parish as covered in the Emergency Response Plan and additionally gives an Environment Agency description of what Groundwater flooding is and how it is the cause of flooding within the parish. The page is also to provide a view of documented information about flooding in the parish in recent years to ensure actual events are not lost and going forwards we as a parish can take action to minimse the flood risk. Each subsequent flood event will be captured on this page. Regardless of this activity individuals affected by a flood event should report it using the Flood Online Reporting Tool (FORT) - Here. Using this tool does not impact insurance policies but allows the Environment Agency to identify trends and set strategies for dealing with these events with a view to gaining funding to support implementing the strategies. This action resulted in funds beinig provided to parishioners following the 2014 flooding to improve flood protection. At the end of the page are useful liinks to further information

What is the Flood Management Plan

This plan addresses specific events int the Community Risk Register listed below, Note the areas blacked out are addressed identified for support recorded in the actual plan.

Flood Risk Table

What is the risk of Flooding

The following is an extract from an Environment Agency Report on Groundwater Flooding, explaining what it is and its effects on Sixpenny Handley.

Groundwater Flood risk maps for Chalk catchments

The current national maps for groundwater flood risk are commercial products and not freely available. This also means evidence is not accessible for a robust appraisal of the methods used, and therefore it is difficult to make a detailed, accurate assessment of their suitability and accuracy. In general, they are derived from modelling which predicts the distance of the water table from the surface under peak winter conditions. They do not, as a rule, indicate emergence zones which occur because of the local geology, hydrogeology, hydrological conditions and manmade factors such as the built environment.

Key drivers of groundwater flooding on the Chalk

The Chalk has a dual porosity. This means that water is transmitted quite freely through fractures in the rock between the surface and the saturated zone and then can be stored within the minute intergranular spaces – at up to 40% by volume. The small pore space between grains of Chalk mean that water can only be released quite slowly – leading to long duration bouts of flooding. Conditions that lead to groundwater flooding include:

  • An accumulation of above average winter rainfall,
  • Hydrostatic pressure – the water table can be several tens of metres higher than at risk communities, forcing water up through emergence zones,
  • Capillary action – water is drawn up from the aquifer by a wicking effect, meaning that flooding can continue for weeks after a period of heavy rainfall.
  • Proximity to natural or manmade emergence zones.

Importance of identifying emergence zones

As the water table approaches the surface, flooding occurs at points of weakness – following the line of least resistance. Examples of emergence zones include:

  • periglacial valley gravel deposits,
  • proximity to the bed of ephemeral streams or winterbournes
  • fault lines,
  • the boundaries between rock strata,
  • bands of hard rock within the Chalk, which are prone to more intense fracturing,
  • areas in proximity to the downslope of clay caps where acidic rainfall causes enlargement of existing fractures through dissolution of the Chalk,
  • areas where human intervention has caused disturbance to natural flow paths within the rock,
  • communities at the foot of the scarp slope, along spring lines,
  • sink holes, often appearing as shallow depressions in the surface.
  • When considering any development on the Chalk, planners and developers should take account of the above factors.

Impracticalities of conventional surface water management schemes

Drainage on the Chalk is usually in a vertical rather than horizontal plane. Once the local water table reaches the surface, drainage reverts to the horizontal. Local drainage networks rarely have the capacity to manage under these circumstances.

  • Traditional attenuation ponds are ineffective as they fill from the bottom up and remain full until groundwater levels start to fall back. They can contribute to groundwater flooding by opening a pathway to the surface.
  • Land drainage measures such as French drains and porous pipes can be effective at preventing flooding to existing properties by creating a very localised cone of depression in the water table. However, water that is drained away is immediately replaced from the aquifer – effectively by abstraction. This water will eventually contribute to river flows, with an increased fluvial flood risk downstream.

Impact of human interference in groundwater flow paths

There are several ways that groundworks associated with construction can contribute to groundwater flooding.

  • Footings may redirect subterranean flow paths, leading to emergence in places that were previously dry,
  • Groundwork can open fractures, leading to augmented emergence at the site e.g. through piling,
  • Culverts can create a linear barrier to underground flow. This may lead to water weiring over the structure and breaking through to the surface or creating a drainage path alongside the culvert leading to erosion along its length.
  • Depending on the structure of the regolith, removal of putty Chalk material, for example, can change hydrogeological emergence characteristics locally.
  • Groundwater flows beneath the surface, through the valley gravel deposits. Construction of barriers (footings etc.) across the flow path commonly causes water to rise to the surface.

Impact of groundwater intrusion into foul sewage systems

Whilst the impact of groundwater intrusion into the foul sewage system is unlikely to be directly worsened by new development where work has been undertaken to seal the sewage network, any additional input will cause problems where the network is struggling with capacity. Where tankering away occurs, this can lead to additional heavy traffic along flooded roads.

Impact of traffic

Historically, periglacial valley gravel deposits which cover the bed of dry ‘winterbourne’ valleys made ideal roads. During high groundwater conditions, these roads once more become rivers, often for several weeks at a time. At a time when traffic was pedestrian or horse drawn, the impact on adjacent properties was minimal. However, the bow wave created by modern vehicles significantly increases the risk, with exposure to continuous spray penetrating the fabric of buildings.

With increased flow, roads will become impassable for longer periods. Not only does this lead to more disruption but also carries the cost of damage to vehicles.

Increased ‘downstream’ risk

Several factors can increase the flood risk to properties downstream of any development.

  • Inappropriate surface water management schemes (as above) can contribute additional flow to existing watercourses,
  • Contribution to sewage systems being overwhelmed, leading to effluent backing up into downstream properties,
  • Increased access problems as highways become inundated for longer periods,
  • Increased contribution to fluvial flood risk.

Possible mitigation measures

Several groundwater control strategies can be used, including open pumping, pre-drainage pumping, shallow and deep cut-off walls and ground treatment. The strategy appropriate to a given site must be selected based on a thorough understanding of the hydrogeological setting and chalk weathering profile. This requires a ground investigation of appropriate scope, using suitable techniques to characterise the chalk. Borehole geophysics can play a key role in identifying discrete zones of inflow. Disposal of any produced water both during construction and thereafter must be accounted for.

Climate change

The impact of climate change on groundwater flooding on the Chalk in southern England is not completely understood, however research undertaken by the British Geological Survey (BGS) on behalf of the Environment Agency’s Water Resource function (National groundwater recharge assessment under climate change) states that:

Modelling shows that the re-charge season will be shorter, but with significantly higher rainfall totals in the winter. This is likely to increase both the impact and frequency of groundwater flood events.

Flooding to a depth of 200mm from a groundwater source runs from Garston Wood to Back Lane via Dean Lane & Frogmore Lane. Flooding of this type is known to have occurred on seven occasions since 1990. Records of property flooding in Sixpenny Handley include flooding to 5 properties in Dean Lane (‘95, ‘01, ‘03, ‘12,’14,’20, ‘23), 1 in Frogmore Lane (13 &’14) and 1 at Manor Farm (‘03 & ‘14) (Flooded property history from Dorset Council – FORT. Data prior to 2014 is limited).

Sixpenny Handley

Water flows down the road into the village from Garston Wood into Dean Lane across the bottom of the High Street into Frogmore Lane, into the adjacent field via a culvert and out of the village along back lane and the culvert in front of Manor Farm where it then feeds out into the fields down to Endless Pit. As stated above this is an ancient gravel bed and the junction of two types of Chalk bedrock. This combination leads to mulitple groundwater outlets which overload the road drainage system as are the Grips and Gullies along these roads.

Pentridge

The stream running through the village can flood due to the volume of water flowing down through the culverts, this causes the water to overflow and run down the road. This can also be cause by debrie blocking the culverts.

Minchington

The stream running from Farnham down through Minchington to the A354 floods from the ford downstream. This limits access and can prevent refuse vehichles from collecting from houses in this area due to the depth of water, especially at the crossroads.

How do we address Flood Risks

The following tasks and activites are initiated through this plan

  • Registration with the EA Alert system by individuals and Emergency Planning Officer. Alerts re issued when the Woodyates Borehole rises to XXM. Flooding is expected when this rises to 105M.
  • We are Identified as a Sandbag Store with 1 ton of Sand and 2000 sandbags in dry storage at Manor Farm (outside of the flood risk area). These are deployed into the Town Farm Workshops when the likelihood of flooding is identified. Impacted homeowners are notified. The status of the store is confirmed by Dorset Council every year through the Emergency Planning Officer.
  • Emergency Planning Office monitors the Borehole at least every 48 hours to establish the speed the water level is rising.
  • EA Alert system issued when 105M is reached
  • Email alert to identified parishioners, typically those who could be affected by the floods when the EA Alert system triggers
  • Individuals take action with thier own Flood Protection in line with the EA alerts and Flood Warden emails. This will extend to obtaining sandbags from our store.
  • Properties effected by sewage backup should report any occurance to Wessex Water and on the FORT tool (see useful links below)
  • Facebook and NextDoor app messages initiated when the likelihood of flood is going to occur, updates to this are in line with how the floods and impacts progress.
  • Flood Warning signs deployed around the crossroads, Dean Lane and Back Lane by the Emergency Flood warden
  • Interact with Dorset Council Highways as necessary throughout the floods, this maybe to request additonal signage and/or support.
  • Vehicles should drive slowly through the floods to prevent bow waves that will cause damage to properties alongside the road and/or splash pedestrians.
  • Members of the publich affected by motorist 'spalshing' pedestrians when driving through the floods should report them via 101 as this is an offence under the road traffic act. - The Parish Council will notifiy the public that this is an offence and should be reported.

What have we done in the past

The following sub sections identify the actual flood impact for each time the Parish has been affected by flooding from information captured withiin the community. They indicate the scope and period the flooding occured and how the parish was impacted along with supporting photographs.

If anyone has additonal information on a flood, please make it available to the Parish Clerk for inclusion in this page to ensure a full and accurate record of the floods is maintained.

2014 Key Aspects

  • Duration and the impact of flooding on the Parish during the flooding

These floods lasted for around 4 weeks during which time there was significant damage to the roads from Garston Wood down into Back Lane with the latter requiring significant resurfacing. During the period there were also power outages to a number of properties due to water affecting the underground cables. However power was restored within a reasonable timescale. Whilst having both pumps and sandbag protection a number of properties were impacted and reported via the DART sysem. A car suffered a flooded engine as a result of driving through the flood water at too high speed and taking water in through the air intake. The car was recovered after to the floods subsided but was written off due to the extent of the engine damage.

It was as a result of these floods that a number of properties received improved flood protection within more powerful water pumps and flood protection equipment.

Backwash from vehicles was a problem along Dean Lane, hedgerows at the junction with the High Street had to be protected with sandbags as well as some grass verges being washed out.

Some of the Wessex Water manhole cover seals failed resulting in contamination downstream and a few properties adjacent to Frogmore Lane were being able to flush toilets on the ground floor.

  • Impact on Infrastructure post the flooding

Following flooding, the road beyond the entrance to Garston House as far as the county boundary at Garston Wood car park had to be closed for a period of three weeks' This was to allow the surface could be completely stripped back and re-laid at a cost of approx £130K (although this also included some work in Back Lane). The DCC Highways Engineer at the time said that the road was not sufficient to withstand the modern vehicle loadings; particularly of farm vehicles and HGVs travelling through to farms in the Chalke Valley and beyond.

The DCC Highways Engineer also said that the section from Garston House to Spots Green should also be re-laid as it was of the same construction and sub-standard. This has not been done, apart from some minor pothole filling, which is often then washed out at the next surface water event along this watercourse of a road.

The importance of this road. The parish council made point in that this route is often used as a diversion for all forms of traffic in the event of any closure or accident between the Handley Hill roundabout and Coombe Bissett on the A354.

  • Photographs taken during and post the floods

2014

Flooding near Manor Farm after the Groundwater had stopped flowing down Dean Lane but still needed to drain from Frogmore Lane and down Back Lane

Back Lane outside Manor Farm Back Lane outside Manor Farm
Back Lane outside Manor Farm

Flood damage in Back Lane between Frogmore Lane and Red Lane caused by the volume of water over the period of flooding and the outflow from the Frogmore Paddock fields.

Frogmore and Back Lane Frogmore and Back Lane
Frogmore and Back Lane


2019 Key Aspects

  • Duration and Impact of flooding on the Parish during the flooding

The flooding started on the 26th November and continued into January, approximetly 3 weeks. During this period properties in Dean Lane had to pump their cellers/french drains but did not incur any flooding. As in 2014 the flood waters extended down Dean Lane from Garston Wood into Frogmore Lane and Back Lane before running through the front of Manor Farm. It was at the initation of the flood alert that it was identified that Dorset Council no longer provide Sandbags and sand on request. We therefore utilised the nearest Store which was in Verwood. In addition a local home owner provided some builders sand and the Parish Council bought 1 tonne of sand to ensure there was sufficient supply for the period of flooding.

  • Impact on Infrastructure post the flooding

As a result of this we established Sixpenny Handley as a registered Sandbag Store with Dorset Council, post the flooding. We now have 1 ton of sand and 500 sandbags within the village. Dorset Council validate our holdings each year to ensure we hold sufficient stock.

Contact details for affected homeowners was collected during this period to ensure communciation on developements is provided by the Flood Warden in addition to face to face contatct.

  • Photographs taken during and post the floods

Unfortunatley there were no photos taken of the floods at this time.


2023 Key Aspects

  • Duration and Impact of flooding on the Parish during the flooding

The flooding occured over a short period at the end of January and the beginning of February. This coincided with a very cold snap which resulted in extensive black ice on the pavements in Dean Lane. The black ice was as a result of the backwash from cars freezing. The Parish Council purchased a tonne of Grit from Dorset Council which was then spread along the pavements by volunteers. This had to be repeated over a number of days as the paths froze each day. Black ice also formed on the High Street and Back Lane from the water running off cars exiting the floods.

The flood water ran into the gulley on Frogmore Lane, but due to a grip pointing downstream and the ditch in the field being silted up, it ran out onto Frogmore Lane where a 45 cm deep pool formed just before the junction with Back Lane. The water continued down Back Lane forming a large pool in front of Manor Farm.

The flood water also impacted the swewage systems with some of the houses in Paddock Close unable to flush thier downstairs toilets. There were sewage manhole covers leaking in both Dean and Frogmore lanes

Additional signage had to be deployed by Dorset Council at Spots Green (junction with Deanland) to warn drivers of severe potholes on the road to Bower Chalk.

  • Impact on Infrastructure post the flooding

There were many potholes on the road from Garston Wood and in Dean Lane that washed out by the flood water that had to be repaired.

Dorset Council conducted a survey to confirm the road drain routes and subsequently had teh drains from Manor Farm up to the surgery cleaned as silt had blocked them in several places.

A roadsweeper also cleared all side roads and Dean lane of debrie as these were extensive, the pavements ajdacent to the crossroads were also cleared.

The leaking manhole covers and blocked sewers in Paddock Close were reported to Wessex Water.

A report on the flooding and its aftermath was approved by the Parish Council, this resluted in these pages being published so that the reason for flooding and its impact on the parish is better understood going forward. A report of each subsequent flood will be documented. Any household being impacted by a flood should report it on the Flood Online Reporting Tool (FORT) - Here. This builds up a picture of flooding for the Environment Agency, based on this information they can seek funding to provide additional safeguards. If it is not reported it will not get funded.

  • Photographs taken during and post the floods

Damage caused by this years flooding between Garston Wood and Dean Lane

Road Damage near Garston Wood Road Damage near Garston Wood Road Damage near Garston Wood

Flooding in Dean Lane, affected properties utilised thier existing flood protection systems and sandbags

Dean Lane flooding Dean Lane flooding
Dean Lane flooding

Black Ice had to be treated on the footpaths along Dean Lane to allow access to the Surgery

Frogmore and Back Lane Frogmore and Back Lane Frogmore and Back Lane

A flash flood in July 2023 showing the 'downstream' grip which enables flood water to flow back onto Frogmore Lane. The gully this is connected to has the surface water drainage pipes from the village as its input.

Frogmore Lane


USEFUL LINKS

Environment Agency - Here

Dorset Council - Here

Flood Online Reporting Tool (FORT) - Here

Communities Prepared - Here